Note that learning to solve the cube by watching videos is NOT cheating. Only a persistent obsessive genius can solve it all by themselves. Very few people can solve the cube at all - it is NOT easy! When (not if) you learn to solve it, you will have joined an elite group!
This is a beginner's method which is about the easiest to remember and do. The aim here is to be able to solve the cube consistently and confidently. If you want to go a little bit faster I have collected a few simple optimizations for this beginner method.
If you want to go really fast (which is a worthy goal but is certainly not necessary!) you can consult the many resources at the end. There are also some very entertaining videos there!
If you have a mathematical inclination you can see how Group Theory applies to the cube. See the last section.
The clever magic of the cube is that it can be twisted in every direction.
This completes the first layer. You should practice getting the first layer in place several times before moving on to the next step. You can solve the white layer, then the blue, then the orange, etc.
Again, practice this middle layer step several times before moving on to the much more difficult third layer steps.
A - 2 yellow edges across from each other. |
B - 2 yellow edges in a corner shape. |
C - No yellow edges. |
D - 4 yellow edges. |
The following video introduces a notation that is very helpful for specifying the moves and remembering them. It explains the "FRUgal ruffle" move and how to use it.
FRONT RIGHT UP right up front = FRU ruf = FRUgal ruffle
With the image A above you apply the FRUgal ruffle move once.
With B you apply the FRugal ruffle move twice.
With C you apply the FRugal ruffle move three times (thrice).
If you already have D, you are done with this step.
Note - Before doing the FRUgal ruffle moves for cases A and B make sure you reposition the cube so that the edges match image A or B above.
What is a FRUgal ruffle? A decorative edge to fabric that is less expensive? It doesn't really matter. It is a simply a mnemonic word phrase and it sounds fun.
As before, you must have the cube positioned properly before executing the move - with the two matching edges (marked with an X below) like one of these images:
The move to get the other two to match is "Ruu ru Ru ru" - the word phrase to remember this is pronounced "Roooo roo Roo roo".
It consists of 4 twists to the right face interspersed with counterclockwise twists of the upper face. Another way to say it is:
Doing this move twice will twist the upper right corner 120° counterclockwise. It messes with other cubes as well but these will be restored before we're done.
If this move is done six times the cube will come back to its original condition as if you had done nothing at all.
ADBU-ADBU | middle layer |
FRUgal ruffle | yellow cross place |
Roooo roo Roo roo | yellow cross match |
Lupper Dupper | yellow corners place |
reader RADAR | yellow corners twist |
This last video will show you a few simple ways to go a little bit faster when certain situations arise. You'll need to learn 4 more sequences. 3 of them are closely related to ones that you already know.
The new mnemonic word phrases are 'FUR urf', 'You Rupper Dupper', and 'RADAR reader'. These are similar to but different from 'FRUgal Ruffle', 'Lupper Dupper', and 'reader RADAR'.
If you also master these moves you can consider yourself a Rubik's cube expert. Not a wizard but, yes, an expert. Rubik's Cube Wizards are truly advanced evolved superhuman beings. See the next section.
Full CFOP - a very advanced method.
How to solve the cube Blindfolded!
The above shows the kind of extreme obsession that the cube produces. Amazing.
thecubicle.com - a place to buy expensive speed cubes, lubes, and other cube accessories.
www.worldcubeassociation.org Cube competitions around the world. Ridiculous!
rubik.com The "Official" site
The Cube at Princeton - Will Smith
Ted Talk - Tyson Mao - The Optimization of Learning
Ted Talk - Chester Lian - Memory Unlocked - Blindfold Solving
41 cubes Blindfolded A true cube wizard!
CFOP Advanced Speed Method in 3 parts
Click here to search youtube.com for 'rubik' and 'solve'. They all seem to have the word 'easy' in their title. Yeah, right.
There is much more - look for yourself - on youtube.com and on the web!
A more advanced presentation on permutation puzzles of all kinds including the Rubik's Cube by Professor W. D. Joyner: